Forfeiture is the government seizure of property connected to illegal activity. Law enforcement has asserted that it is a necessary and effective deterrent to drug crime, while opponents argue that existing procedural safeguards result in too many innocent parties having their property taken away, with little or no recourse for recovery. If your property or assets have been the subject of criminal or civil forfeiture, it is important to consult with an experienced forfeiture defense attorney to understand your rights and options. Drawing on vast experience, the Law Office of Ronald J. Gross, LLC defends clients in the York area and throughout Pennsylvania in criminal and civil forfeiture cases .
Government authority to seize property connected to illegal activity comes from federal statutes, as limited by those laws and the Constitution. Authorizing provisions of state and local statutes tend to be similar to federal law. The Supreme Court of the United States has identified certain categories of property subject to forfeiture:
When you lose property to forfeiture, the process to have those assets restored can be complex and frustrating. Defenses to the government’s action exist, and there are ways to recover your property under the law. My firm will work to pursue items unfairly seized through forfeiture.
The government can take title to private property under criminal or civil law.
Criminal forfeiture is a punitive measure taken against a defendant after a conviction, where the government seizes property as a part of the sentence. Because it is a criminal proceeding, a defendant is afforded the protections of the Fourth and Fifth Amendments. While the crime has to be proved beyond a reasonable doubt, the forfeiture requires a lower burden of proof. The government only needs to show by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant obtained the property around the time of the crime and that it was unlikely it came from any other source. The burden then shifts to the defendant to prove this is not the case.
By contrast, civil forfeiture actions proceed against the property itself, which is the defendant in the case rather than the owner. A criminal charge or conviction is not necessary before the government can seize. A large majority of the forfeitures pursued by the government are civil. Whether your case involves criminal or civil forfeiture, I will uphold your rights and work to recover property seized.
Whether your property has been the subject of a criminal or a civil forfeiture, the Law Office of Ronald J. Gross, LLC is prepared to defend your rights and seek the return of your property. To schedule a consultation at my Pennsylvania office, call 717-779-1955 or contact me online to discuss what options are available to you.